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How to Clean a Bed Mattress

how to clean a bed mattress

Cleaning your mattress is important for maintaining a clean and fresh sleep environment. Dust mites, allergens, and odors can build up over time, affecting the quality of your sleep. Deep cleaning your mattress at least twice a year is recommended to remove bacterial buildup and keep allergens at bay. In this ultimate guide, we will provide you with step-by-step instructions on how to effectively clean your bed mattress and restore its freshness.

Key Takeaways:

  • Regular deep cleaning of your mattress can remove dust mites, allergens, and odors, improving sleep quality.
  • Use non-toxic cleaning solutions like baking soda, hydrogen peroxide, and dish soap for effective mattress cleaning.
  • Vacuum your mattress before deep cleaning to remove dust and particles.
  • Homemade cleaning solutions with vinegar and baking soda can help tackle tough stains and odors.
  • Consider professional mattress cleaning services for persistent stains, strong odors, or bed bug infestations.

Why Is It Important To Clean My Mattress?

Cleaning your mattress is essential for maintaining a healthy sleep environment and ensuring the longevity of your mattress. Regular cleaning helps remove allergens, dust mites, and odors, providing you with a clean and fresh place to rest. Here are some reasons why mattress maintenance is crucial:

1. Allergen Removal:

Dust mites are microscopic pests that thrive in mattresses and feed on dead skin cells. These allergens can trigger allergies and respiratory issues, leading to discomfort and disrupted sleep. By cleaning your mattress regularly, you can effectively remove these allergens and create a healthier sleep environment.

2. Odor Elimination:

Over time, sweat, body oils, and spills can accumulate on your mattress, resulting in unpleasant odors. Cleaning your mattress allows you to eliminate these smells and create a fresh-smelling sleep surface. This can contribute to a more restful sleep experience and enhance the overall comfort of your bed.

“Regular cleaning helps remove allergens, dust mites, and odors, providing you with a clean and fresh place to rest.”

By understanding the importance of mattress cleaning and incorporating it into your regular cleaning routine, you can enjoy a cleaner and healthier sleep environment. In the next section, we will discuss the DIY supplies you’ll need to effectively clean your mattress.

DIY Mattress Cleaning Supplies

To effectively clean your bed mattress, you will need a few basic household items. These supplies will help you remove stains and odors, ensuring an effective and thorough cleaning process. Here are the DIY mattress cleaning supplies you’ll need:

  • Hydrogen peroxide: This powerful cleaning agent is effective in removing stains and disinfecting your mattress.
  • Baking soda: Known for its odor-absorbing properties, baking soda helps eliminate unpleasant smells from your mattress.
  • Clear dish soap: Choose a mild, clear dish soap to help break down stains and grime on your mattress.
  • Spray bottle: Use a spray bottle to mix and apply your homemade cleaning solutions to the mattress surface.
  • Toothbrush: A toothbrush with medium bristles can be used to scrub stains and dirt from your mattress.
  • White rags: Soft, absorbent white rags are ideal for blotting stains and cleaning the mattress surface.
  • Vacuum cleaner: A vacuum cleaner with an upholstery attachment or a mattress cleaning tool is essential for removing dust and debris.
  • Sifter (optional): If you choose to use baking soda as a deep cleaning agent, a sifter can help evenly distribute it on the mattress.
  • Essential oil (optional): Adding a few drops of essential oil to your homemade cleaning solution can leave your mattress smelling fresh and fragrant.

By having these supplies on hand, you can easily and effectively clean your mattress, ensuring a clean and comfortable sleep surface.

Setting Expectations

Before you begin the deep cleaning process for your mattress, it’s essential to set realistic expectations. While deep cleaning can significantly improve the cleanliness and freshness of your mattress, it may not completely eliminate old or dark stains, especially on older mattresses. However, it is still an effective way to remove bacteria, dust mites, and odors, creating a healthier sleep environment.

Deep cleaning your mattress requires time and patience. It’s recommended to set aside a full day for the cleaning process, allowing sufficient time for each step and ensuring thorough results. Additionally, it’s crucial to let your mattress dry completely overnight before sleeping on it to avoid any moisture-related issues.

By understanding the limitations of deep cleaning and following the step-by-step guide, you can achieve a significant improvement in the cleanliness and freshness of your mattress. Remember, regular deep cleaning, paired with other maintenance practices, such as using a mattress protector and regular flipping and rotating, can help extend the lifespan of your mattress and ensure a comfortable sleep experience.

Table: Comparison of Deep Cleaning Methods

Deep Cleaning Method Effectiveness Difficulty Level Recommended Frequency
Baking Soda and Vacuuming Effective in removing odors and light stains Easy Every 3-6 months
Homemade Cleaning Solutions Effective in removing various stains and odors Moderate As needed
Professional Mattress Cleaning Services Highly effective in deep cleaning and stain removal Expert level, requires professional equipment Once a year or as needed

Note: The effectiveness, difficulty level, and recommended frequency of deep cleaning methods may vary depending on the mattress type, age, and the severity of stains or odors. Always follow manufacturer’s guidelines and test any cleaning solution on a small, inconspicuous area of the mattress before applying it to the entire surface.

Vacuuming the Mattress

Before you begin the deep cleaning process, it’s important to vacuum your mattress to remove surface dust, dirt, and allergens. This step is crucial in preparing the mattress for a thorough cleaning.

To effectively vacuum your mattress, follow these steps:

  1. Start by using a vacuum cleaner with a high-suction power.
  2. Attach the upholstery attachment or a mattress cleaning tool to the vacuum.
  3. Move slowly along the surface of the mattress, paying extra attention to stained areas and crevices.
  4. Ensure that you cover the entire surface of the mattress, including the sides.
  5. For stubborn stains, gently brush the area with a toothbrush to loosen the dirt before vacuuming.
  6. Dispose of the vacuum bag or empty the canister after vacuuming to prevent any allergens from spreading.

Vacuuming your mattress regularly helps in maintaining a clean sleep environment and prolongs the life of your mattress.

mattress cleaning tips

Next, let’s move on to the deep cleaning process using baking soda to eliminate odors and freshen up your mattress.

Using Baking Soda for Deep Cleaning

When it comes to deep cleaning your mattress, baking soda can be your secret weapon. Not only is it affordable and readily available, but it also has excellent cleaning properties that help remove odors and stains effectively.

To begin the deep cleaning process, sprinkle an even coat of baking soda all over your mattress. Make sure to cover the entire surface evenly. Baking soda is great for absorbing moisture and neutralizing bad odors, making it an ideal cleaning agent for mattresses.

After applying the baking soda, use a vacuum brush or toothbrush to gently rub it into the mattress, paying extra attention to stained areas. This will help the baking soda penetrate deeper and work more effectively on tough stains. Let the baking soda sit for at least 10 minutes to allow it to lift bad odors from the mattress.

Once the waiting period is over, use a vacuum cleaner with a brush attachment to thoroughly vacuum the mattress. This will remove the baking soda residue, along with any dirt, dust, or other particles that may have accumulated on the surface.

By using baking soda for deep cleaning your mattress, you can effectively eliminate odors, refresh your sleep environment, and maintain a clean and healthy bed. It’s a simple yet powerful cleaning method that can leave your mattress looking and smelling fresh.

Homemade Cleaning Solutions

In this section, we will explore some effective homemade cleaning solutions that you can use to tackle stains and odors on your mattress. These solutions are safe, non-toxic, and easy to make with common household items. With the right combination of ingredients, you can effectively remove tough stains and eliminate unpleasant odors, restoring the freshness of your mattress.

One homemade cleaning solution you can try is a mixture of hydrogen peroxide, cool water, and dish soap. This solution is particularly effective for removing blood, urine, and other stubborn stains. Simply mix equal parts hydrogen peroxide and cool water, then add a few drops of clear dish soap. Pour the mixture into a spray bottle and shake well. Spray the solution onto the stained area of your mattress and gently blot with a clean white rag. Repeat this process until the stain is no longer visible.

Another homemade cleaning solution that works well for both odor removal and stain removal is a combination of white vinegar and baking soda. Start by sprinkling baking soda all over your mattress and letting it sit for about 15 minutes to absorb odors. Then, mix equal parts white vinegar and water to form a paste. Apply the paste to any tough stains on your mattress and let it sit for at least 30 minutes. Finally, use a clean cloth to wipe away the paste, followed by vacuuming the mattress to remove any remaining residue.

Homemade Cleaning Solutions:

Homemade Cleaning Solution Ingredients Instructions
Hydrogen Peroxide Solution – 1 part hydrogen peroxide
– 1 part cool water
– A few drops of clear dish soap
1. Mix all the ingredients together in a spray bottle.
2. Shake well to combine.
3. Spray the solution onto the stained area of the mattress.
4. Gently blot the area with a clean white rag.
5. Repeat the process until the stain is no longer visible.
Vinegar and Baking Soda Paste – Equal parts white vinegar and water
– Baking soda
1. Sprinkle baking soda all over the mattress and let it sit for 15 minutes.
2. Mix equal parts white vinegar and water to form a paste.
3. Apply the paste to tough stains on the mattress.
4. Let the paste sit for at least 30 minutes.
5. Wipe away the paste with a clean cloth.
6. Vacuum the mattress to remove any residue.

These homemade cleaning solutions are cost-effective alternatives to commercial cleaners and are gentle enough to use on most types of mattresses. However, it’s always a good idea to test any cleaning solution on a small, inconspicuous area of your mattress before applying it to the entire surface.

Treating Blood, Urine, and Mold Stains

When it comes to mattress stains, it’s essential to address them promptly and effectively. Whether you’re dealing with blood, urine, or mold stains, proper treatment is crucial. Here are some tips to help you remove these stubborn stains and ensure a clean and fresh mattress:

Treating Blood Stains

To treat blood stains on your mattress, you can create a paste using distilled white vinegar and baking soda. Mix equal parts vinegar and baking soda until you have a thick paste. Apply the paste to the stained area and gently rub it in using a white rag or a soft brush. Let it sit for about 30 minutes to break down the stain. Afterward, blot the area with a clean, damp cloth to remove the paste. Repeat the process if necessary, and allow the mattress to air dry completely.

Treating Urine Stains

Urine stains can be particularly challenging to remove from a mattress. Start by blotting up as much urine as possible using a clean towel or paper towels. Once you’ve removed the excess moisture, mix a solution of one part hydrogen peroxide and two parts cool water. Lightly spray the stained area with the solution and let it sit for 10-15 minutes. Blot the area again with a clean cloth to absorb the solution. Repeat the process as needed and allow the mattress to dry completely.

Dealing with Mold Stains

Mold on a mattress is a serious issue that requires immediate attention. If you discover mold stains on your mattress, it is highly recommended to replace the mattress altogether. Mold can pose significant health risks, and cleaning the surface may not be sufficient to eliminate the problem entirely. Invest in a new mattress to ensure a safe and healthy sleep environment.

Best Practices for Mattress Maintenance

Maintaining the cleanliness and longevity of your mattress requires more than just deep cleaning. Incorporating these best practices into your regular mattress maintenance routine can help ensure a comfortable and hygienic sleep surface.

1. Use a Mattress Protector

Investing in a high-quality mattress protector is one of the most effective ways to prevent stains, spills, and allergens from penetrating your mattress. A waterproof and breathable protector acts as a barrier against liquids, dust mites, and other irritants, keeping your mattress clean and fresh. Be sure to choose a protector that is compatible with your mattress size and features a secure fit.

2. Wash Bedding Regularly

Washing your bedding regularly is essential for maintaining a clean sleep environment. Sheets, pillowcases, and mattress covers should be washed at least once a week in hot water to remove sweat, oils, and allergens. Using a mild detergent and avoiding fabric softeners can help preserve the integrity of your bedding and prevent buildup on your mattress. Additionally, consider rotating and flipping your mattress each time you change your sheets to distribute wear and tear evenly.

3. Keep the Area Around Your Mattress Clean

Preventing the buildup of dust and debris around your mattress can contribute to its overall cleanliness. Regularly vacuum the surrounding area, including the floor, baseboards, and any other furniture or fixtures near your bed. This will help minimize the introduction of allergens and maintain a healthy sleep environment. Additionally, avoid eating or drinking in bed to prevent spills and stains.

4. Flip and Rotate Your Mattress

Flipping and rotating your mattress regularly can help prolong its lifespan and prevent uneven sagging. It’s recommended to flip your mattress every six months and rotate it 180 degrees. This will distribute the weight and pressure evenly, reducing the risk of permanent indentations and ensuring optimal support. Check the manufacturer’s guidelines for specific instructions on flipping and rotating your mattress, as some models may have specific requirements.

By following these best practices, you can maximize the cleanliness and durability of your mattress. Remember to deep clean your mattress at least twice a year and address any stains or odors promptly for the best results. With proper maintenance, your mattress will continue to provide a comfortable and rejuvenating sleep experience for years to come.

mattress maintenance tips

Professional Mattress Cleaning Services

If you prefer to leave the mattress cleaning to professionals, there are professional mattress cleaning services available. These services utilize hot water extraction machines to deep clean your mattress. They can effectively remove stains, odors, and allergens, ensuring a thorough and professional cleaning.

By hiring a professional service, you can save time and effort while ensuring that your mattress receives the best possible care. Professional cleaners are trained and experienced in handling different types of mattresses and can recommend the most suitable cleaning methods for your specific needs.

Whether you have persistent stains, strong odors, or even bed bug infestations that require specialized treatment, professional mattress cleaning services can provide the expertise and equipment necessary to address these issues effectively.

Benefits of Professional Mattress Cleaning Services

There are several benefits to hiring professional mattress cleaning services:

  • Thorough cleaning: Professional cleaners have access to high-quality equipment and cleaning solutions that can penetrate deep into your mattress, removing dirt, dust, stains, and allergens that may be deeply embedded.
  • Efficient stain removal: Whether it’s a tough blood, urine, or food stain, professional cleaners have the knowledge and expertise to effectively treat and remove stains without causing damage to your mattress.
  • Odor elimination: Professional cleaning services can eliminate unpleasant odors, leaving your mattress smelling fresh and clean.
  • Allergen reduction: Professional cleaning can help reduce allergens such as dust mites and pet dander, providing a healthier sleep environment for allergy sufferers.
  • Extended mattress lifespan: Regular professional cleaning can help prolong the life of your mattress by removing dirt and debris that can cause wear and tear over time.

When hiring a professional mattress cleaning service, be sure to check their credentials, read reviews, and inquire about their cleaning methods and guarantees. It’s important to choose a reputable company that prioritizes customer satisfaction and uses safe, non-toxic cleaning products.

Pros Cons
Thorough and deep cleaning Cost of professional service
Efficient stain removal Requires scheduling and coordination
Odor elimination Reliance on external service provider
Allergen reduction Potential for damaged or unsatisfactory service
Extended mattress lifespan


Regularly cleaning your bed mattress is crucial for maintaining a clean and healthy sleep environment. By following the provided mattress cleaning tips and using effective cleaning methods, you can ensure that your mattress remains fresh and comfortable for years to come.

Deep cleaning your mattress at least twice a year helps eliminate dust mites, allergens, and odors, which can improve sleep quality and overall well-being. Vacuuming the surface and using baking soda are essential steps in the deep cleaning process, as they help remove dirt, odors, and stains.

For tougher stains, homemade cleaning solutions made from vinegar, baking soda, and hydrogen peroxide can effectively break down and remove blood, urine, and mold stains. It’s important to take immediate action for mold stains and, if necessary, replace the mattress to ensure your health and safety.

Don’t forget to practice good mattress maintenance by using a mattress protector, washing your bedding regularly, and flipping or rotating your mattress. These practices can extend the lifespan of your mattress and ensure its cleanliness.


How often should I clean my mattress?

It is recommended to deep clean your mattress at least twice a year to maintain a clean sleep environment.

What supplies do I need for cleaning my mattress?

You will need hydrogen peroxide, baking soda, clear dish soap, a spray bottle, a toothbrush, white rags, a vacuum cleaner, a sifter (optional), and essential oil (optional).

Can I use non-toxic cleaning solutions on my mattress?

Yes, it is important to use non-toxic cleaning solutions to ensure the safety of your sleep environment.

How long does it take to deep clean a mattress?

Deep cleaning your mattress takes time and patience. It is recommended to set aside a full day for cleaning and allow your mattress to dry overnight before sleeping on it.

How do I vacuum my mattress?

Use a vacuum cleaner with a high-suction power and an upholstery attachment or mattress cleaning tool. Move slowly along the surface, paying special attention to stained areas and crevices.

What is the best way to use baking soda for mattress cleaning?

Sprinkle an even coat of baking soda all over your mattress, then rub it in using a vacuum brush or toothbrush. Let it sit for at least 10 minutes to lift bad odors, and then vacuum again to remove the residue.

Can I make my own homemade cleaning solutions for mattress stains?

Yes, you can mix hydrogen peroxide, cool water, and dish soap in a spray bottle to remove stains. Another option is to combine white vinegar and baking soda to form a paste for tough stains.

How can I treat blood, urine, and mold stains on my mattress?

For blood and urine stains, create a paste with distilled white vinegar and baking soda, apply it to the stains, let it sit, and then wipe it off. If your mattress is moldy, it is recommended to replace it to ensure your health and safety.

What are some best practices for mattress maintenance?

Using a mattress protector, regularly washing your bedding, and keeping the area around your mattress clean can help maintain its cleanliness. Flipping and rotating your mattress at regular intervals can also extend its lifespan.

Should I hire a professional mattress cleaning service?

If you have persistent stains, strong odors, or bed bug infestations that require specialized treatment, it may be beneficial to hire a professional mattress cleaning service.

How does cleaning my mattress improve sleep quality?

Regular deep cleaning can remove dust mites, allergens, and odors, resulting in better sleep quality and overall well-being.

How to Clean a Bed Mattress

For detailed guides on how to clean your bed mattress, consider the following resources:

  1. Sleep Foundation provides a comprehensive guide that includes steps such as washing bedding, assessing the mattress for damage, gathering cleaning supplies, vacuuming, spot-cleaning stains, applying baking soda, and more, tailored for regular maintenance and deep cleaning needs. Access the full guide at
  2. The Home Depot offers a mattress cleaning tutorial focusing on vacuuming, using baking soda for cleaning and deodorizing, stain removal techniques, airing out the mattress, and preventive measures to keep the mattress clean. This guide also suggests flipping or rotating the mattress regularly. Find the detailed steps at
  3. Sleep Advisor outlines a 6-step process for cleaning your mattress, emphasizing the importance of vacuuming, using baking soda, and airing out the mattress among other steps. The guide includes tips for extending your mattress’s lifespan and maintaining a clean sleeping environment. Full instructions can be found at

Each of these guides offers unique insights and methods for maintaining a clean mattress, contributing to a healthier sleeping environment.

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